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In 1605, Guy Fawkes and his friends wanted to blow up important buildings in London where the king and the leaders were meeting so that someone else would rule England. This was called the Gunpowder Plot. Guy Fawkes was not working alone – he had a group of people working with him. He was caught before it happened, so nobody was hurt. They put 36 barrels of gunpowder in the basement of the Houses of Parliament. If the plan succeeded, the buildings would explode and kill King James I and many other people in power. Guy Fawkes went to jail on 5 November – Brits remember this every year on Bonfire Night.
1. Guy Fawkes was born on 13 April 1570 in York, England and died on 31 January 1606 in London.
2. It was a friend of Fawkes named Robert Catesby who planned the Gunpowder Plot, not Guy Fawkes. There were 13 people who participated.
3. Guy Fawkes’ role in the Gunpowder Plot was to guard the 36 barrels of gunpowder in the basement.
4. King James I decreed that 5 November should be the day that people celebrate that the Gunpowder Plot didn’t succeed.
5. Today, on Bonfire Night, people set off fireworks, light bonfires and sometimes burn a doll that looks like Guy Fawkes.
to blow up = faire exploser
buildings = des bâtiments
to meet = (ici) se réunir
to rule = gouverner
gunpowder = la poudre à canon
plot = un complot
to catch (to be caught) = attraper
hurt = blessé
barrels = des tonneaux
basement = le sous-sol
to succeed = réussir
bonfire = un grand feu
to decree that = décréter que...
to set off fireworks = déclencher/allumer des feux d'artifices
to light = allumer
to burn = (ici) mettre le feu à