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Niveau B1 (intermédiaire)
It’s January 2021, and Brexit is now a reality. The agreement between the UK and Europe took effect from December 31st at 11pm. It deals with new rules for living, working and trading, but while the whole agreement is more than 1,200 pages, here are some of the essentials.
Fortunately, there will be no taxes on products traded between the UK and Europe. There are also no limits on the number of products that can be traded. However, there are new safety procedures and customs declarations at border control points.
UK banks, architectural and accounting firms no longer have automatic access to EU markets. This means that UK businesses now need to follow different rules for each country they do business with. Certain professional qualifications are also no longer recognised in the EU, making it difficult for people with those qualifications to work in the EU. This applies to doctors, chefs and architects amongst others.
What about travel? If a UK resident wants to stay in the EU for longer than 90 days over a 180-day period, they must apply for a visa. They will also need to apply for a new health insurance as every UK resident’s European Health Insurance will stop when their card expires. As for telephone roaming charges, the UK is no longer covered by the ban on these additional charges.
With regards to education, UK students can no longer take part in the Erasmus exchange programme. However, a new programme called Turing will begin in September 2021 to replace Erasmus, which will include countries worldwide. This new development does not apply to students from Northern Ireland who are still eligible for Erasmus.
As for security and data, the UK is no longer a member of Europol – the EU law enforcement agency. The agreement for the UK will now resemble the agreement between the EU and the USA. The UK also does not have to follow EU rules for data protection anymore. New rules are currently under negotiation.
While negotiations between the UK and the EU have been difficult at times, the rules for Brexit must now be put to the test. Will they bear scrutiny? Only time will tell.
trading = le commerce
the whole = en entier
customs = la douane
border = la frontière
accounting = la comptabilité
amongst others = parmi d’autres
health insurance = assurance maladie
roaming charges = les frais d’itinérance (téléphonique)
with regards to = au sujet de
currently = actuellement
while = bien que
put to the test = mettre à l’épreuve
to bear scrutiny = résister à l’examen